Depression: Treatment, Symptoms & Causes

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders out there, it is pretty much a worldwide phenomenon. In fact, it is so common that in a year there is at least one adult in 15 who is suffering from depression. In their whole lifetime at least one in every 6 adults has experienced this disorder at any point of their lives. Aside from being very common, it is also very deadly.


While the actual disease might not kill you, depression leads to extreme sadness which makes a person’s life almost unbearable. Most severe cases of depression even bring out suicidal tendencies in the patient.
Depression is more common in women than it is in men. The World Health Organization states that depression is one of the major causes of disability all over the world.

What Is Depression?

Sadness is as big a part of life as happiness and it is completely normal to feel sad every once in a while, whether it is because your favourite character in your favourite show is unhappy, or because someone was really mean to you and it hurt your feelings or even if there is no particular reason to be sad at all.

Depression definition

But if those blue clouds of gloom do not seem to leave your side for too long then there might be some problem. The depression definition states that are the depression symptoms last for longer than 2 weeks then the condition of depression is at a point where it should be diagnosed medically.

The line between depression and sadness can be pretty slim at times, especially when it is fueled by the loss of a loved one. But if we look closely we can see finer details that separate the two. Sadness is basically a feeling, it might be mixed with other feelings, some of those feelings might be positive or even hopeful and most of the times it is free from the self-loathing.

Depression image

Sadness does not make a person feel like life is just a burden but when a person is depressed it is very much difficult to find any hope or joy. At the moment it almost feels like an attack, a depression attack, feels like our own mind is our worst enemy. It knows everything we did wrong; our worst fears and all the parts of us that causes guilt that we just can’t live with, and boy does it know how to use the information to deal maximum damage to our fragile feelings!

Symptoms Of Depression

It is one of those mental diseases out there which can be lethal if it is allowed to grow. Therefore you might want to know what exactly are the symptoms of this disorder are to see if you or any of your loved one might show any of these depression symptoms.

The main symptoms of depression are

1. Sadness, long-lasting and without any particular reason,

2. Gloomy, changing and unpredictable mood,

3. Drastic changes in weight and apatite, the patient might gain or lose a lot of weight over a very short period of time, depression and weight loss or weight gain are really closely connected, the patient becomes either not at all interested or too interested in eating,

4. Drastic changes in sleeping habits, sleep disorders like insomnia or hypersomnia might follow, the patient might either have trouble falling asleep or start to sleep too much, it is totally possible the patient might have depression and sleep all day or get no sleep at all,

5. A total loss of interest in activities that used to be one’s favourite,

6. A significant lack of joy or pleasure from life,

7. Significant slowing down in the speed of movement and speech, loss of energy and enthusiasm,

8. Difficulty in concentrating, remembering, thinking or making a decision,

9. Overwhelming feelings of self-loathing, guilt, loneliness, and worthlessness,

10. Significant reduction in sexual desire

11. Suicidal tendencies, recurrent thoughts or actual attempts of suicide.


There is a wide range of reasons that might cause depression. Not everyone has the same mindset or mental ability, so the same reason which might be the reason for severe depression to one person might barely affect or not affect someone else at all.
The most common reasons for depression are:

1. Loss of a loved one

The loss of someone who we deeply care about is one of the most common reasons someone might get depressed. Whether it is the death of a beloved family member or a bad and messy breakup with your significant other, losing someone is always hard and it is quite possible that the grief might lead to depression

Depression reason

2. Abuse and Difficult Living Conditions

Although it is a terrible and very inhuman thing to do to another living being, abuse of many forms, physical, emotional or sexual still exists in our society. Whether it is caused intentionally or unintentionally, any kind of abuse is very difficult for a person to live through, and it is pretty natural for a person who goes through this situation to be disinterested in living. So we really should think twice before saying or doing something hurtful to someone else.


3. Genetics

Along with great hair and height, there is also a possibility that we might inherit depression from our ancestors. Those with a family history of depression are much likely to inherit the disorder themselves.

is Depression Genetic

4. Medication side effect

Ever went online and looked up the side effects of those Vitamin supplements you are having to gain muscles? Turns are some of the drugs out there you are taking to solve problems as acne comes might cause even bigger problems. While there is not a hundred percent surety, but these drugs do increase the risk of this disorder.

Depression Side-effects

5. Major Illness

Overcoming a major illness is not easy, the process is hard, long and painful. So there is a possibility that the trauma of the disease might leave the person depressed.

Depression disorder

6. Major and Stressful Life Event

As we said before, not everyone has the same ability to handle distress on their own, so stressful and traumatic life event might also end up causing depression to a person.


Depression Test And Types

In 1960, the Germany born psychiatrist Max Hamilton published a scale which later went on to be known as the Hamilton Depression rating scale or HDRS. The scale originally consisted of 17 questionnaires, but nowadays the number of question can be between 17 to 29. The questions helped to determine what exact problems the depressed person is facing and how severe it is.

The main types of depression that a person might suffer from are

  • Major Depression
  • Chronic Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Seasonal Depression
  • Cyclothymic Disorder
  • Melancholia
  • Persistent Depression
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  • Psychotic Depression
  • Atypical Depression

To learn in detail about each of these kinds of depression, you could check out our website. We have a lot more articles to inform you more about this topic.

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Depression Treatment

However severe and scary this disease might be, there are a lot of ways to fight it. You can always go to a psychiatrist who specializes in depression counseling. If you are uncomfortable meeting someone face to face, online counseling is also an option. Just make sure to choose the counselor wisely, too low charges or sketchy looking websites might not be the real deal.

Counselling for Depression

Aside from therapy, there is also much chemical medication available that might help you but do make sure to consult a specialist before taking any antidepressant because all medication might not support your health in the best way possible.

As a personal advice, if you are feeling blue for quite a while you should surround yourself with as much positivity as possible. Meditation and positive thinking helped me quite a lot when I was going through a tough time. Times come when you might not feel like doing anything. Try to break down work in tiny tiny segments. Like do not think of it just as taking a shower, try by just getting up from your bed and taking the first step and then the next and so on. You may feel worthless or struggle to find people who care but isn’t one enough and shouldn’t that one be you! Love yourself, because if you don’t, no one else would.

Most of all it is really important to stay positive and feel motivated. Life is precious and it’s not always very easy, but we have got to keep going. Try to surround yourself with positive people, try to find joy in little things. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, and try to help others too. The feeling of being helpful makes life feel worth living.


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