Dyslexia: What It is, Symptoms, Treatment, and Care


Every kid is special, however not every kid has the same ability to learn and understand things. Dyslexia is a mental disability that hinders a child’s ability to learn, read and write. However, having dyslexia does not mean that the child will forever be behind on his academic performance. Many kids who possess this disability have shown that they too are capable of shining as bright as any normal student with a little bit of extra help.

However if not carefully handled, the problem can affect the patient all life long.

What is Dyslexia

In simple words, dyslexia is a learning disability. Dyslexia is associated with a delay in the ability to spell, write, read and learn. Dyslexia is often associated with low IQ. In reality, a child with dyslexia might or might not possess normal IQ and normal vision. The problem lies in their ability to understand languages, specifically letters or alphabets. While the exact reason that can cause dyslexia is still debatable, the reason is related to hereditary factors. The genes a child possesses can greatly determine whether the kid has the risk of suffering from dyslexia.

Famous Personalities that Inspired Millions in Spite of Having Dyslexia

We all know the co-founder of Apple Inc. Steve Jobs. He is one of the most successful people in the world right now. Would you believe that he too had dyslexia?

steve-jobs had dyslexia

As we mentioned earlier, having dyslexia does not mean a person is any less talented or bright than one that does not have the disorder. In fact, there are a number of famous persons who were diagnosed with this disease at one point in their life or another.

The advantage of dyslexia is that my brain puts information in my head in a different way.

Whoopi Goldberg, singer and actress

Apart from Steve Jobs, Henry Ford, Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Nelson Rockefeller, Carlos Slim, Bill Hewlett, Charles Schwab, Sir Richard Branson, and Richard C. Strauss are the top ten billionaires in the world who had Dyslexia.

In other fields actors Jennifer Aniston, Tom Cruise, Abhishek Bachchan, Orlando Bloom, Salma Hayek were diagnosed with dyslexia. Inventors Nikola Tesla, Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, and Alexander Graham Bell were some of the most acknowledged brilliant minds of the world. Yet at one point in their life, they were mistaken as dumb or untalented because of their disorder.

There are successful people in almost every field of career. So there is no need to worry too much for your kid even if he or she has dyslexia. They too can reach new heights of success and achievement. All they might need is a little bit of help. And who knows, with their unique point of view to the world, they might end up inspiring millions too.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

Symptoms of dyslexia are more apparent in two stages of a kid’s life. The first stage is before the kid is admitted to the school and the second one is after the kid is admitted to the school. A dyslexia test includes a lot of questioners and activities that help determine a child’s reading and writing abilities.

Symptoms Seen Before School

These are the signs that can be spotted in a child even before he or she is admitted to a school that can be an indicator that the child might have Dyslexia.

  1. Being later than usual to learn to talk,
  2. Have a hard time learning and remembering nursery rhymes,
  3. Show problem in learning and remembering numbers and letters,
  4. Take a bit longer than usual to learn new words,
  5. Confusing and intermixing between the words that sound the same,
  6. Spelling and pronouncing words wrong often etc.

Symptoms Seen After Starting School

In the case of many kids, the signs of Dyslexia appears more clearly after they join a school. Symptoms that point to that fact are :

  1. Spelling errors, different spellings for the same word in different instances.
  2. Difficulty in comprehending the meaning of what the teacher said.
  3. Gets confused and does not understand letters, numbers, sentences, words, etc.
  4. The child might stutter when he or she feels stressed out. Even in general he or she might seem like they have a hard time arranging and sequencing their thoughts. They seem to be bad at expressing themselves through speech and writing.
  5. The mistakes in spelling and speech might increase when the child is confused and nervous.
  6. They might complain about a headache or blurry vision while studying even though there is no apparent problem.
  7. May have poor memory.

Subtle Signs to Look for in Order to Determine Whether a Child has Dyslexia

  1. They have low self-esteem. Even though some of them possess a high IQ, they don’t feel like they are smart. They consider themselves dumb and hence conceives themselves poorly.
  2. Can show a bit of rebelliousness.
  3. Often tends to space out, starts daydreaming.
  4. The child is a bit clumsy and is prone to motion sickness

Treatment and Care for Dyslexic Patient

kid with dyslexia has unique-vision

Treatment of dyslexia might vary in cases of different people. There are a lot of techniques available when it comes to dyslexia treatment. For every different person, one technique or a combination of these techniques might be helpful. Therefore, if one technique does not work don’t get disappointed. Many specialists believe that the people who have dyslexia are gifted in different aspects like art or other fields. They, in fact, tend to be highly imaginative and creative, as their brain comprehends images much better than languages.

Dyslexia is a quite common and easily diagnosed disorder. Some of the forms of treatment are below.

For Children

In the case of dyslexia, it would be helpful if the problem is addressed as early as possible. It is often observed that a child that is helped with reading and writing in smaller grades often improve much better than kids in higher grades.

Unique techniques should be applied to help the child improve three qualities when it comes to studies, vision, hearing, and touch. The techniques should be innovative, and interesting and enough to hold the attention of the child’s colorful mind. There are specialists available who can provide tutoring sessions that could help the child. Individualized teaching can be especially helpful as the child gets more attention that he needs in order to learn.

As a parent, what you can do is to help your child with his or her study. Reading out loud with emphasis on how to pronounce different words would be helpful. Try to teach more with examples, show them how to read or write first before asking them they do it by themselves. A little bit of encouragement and praise would be helpful too.

For adults

Adults can improve greatly too with a little bit of help. It is never too late. Just don’t hesitate to seek instructional help to improve reading and writing no matter how old you are.

For more information on mental health visit our previous post:

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